Wireless Tracking System: XR Experiences with Centimeter-Level Precision

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In the ever-evolving landscape of extended reality (XR), the recent unveiling of a wireless tracking system by the University of California San Diego promises a transformative leap in precision and reliability. This technology’s potential impact on virtual gaming experiences and workplace safety is substantial. Let’s unravel the intricacies of the Wireless Tracking System, exploring the underlying technology, detailing its components and functions, and offering real-world examples that showcase its prowess.

The Need for Enhanced XR Localization

As we venture into the world of XR, the limitations of existing localization methods become glaringly apparent. Camera-based approaches, integral to VR and AR devices, struggle in dynamic scenarios with visual obstructions, changing environments, and poor lighting conditions. The wireless tracking system emerges as a beacon of hope, addressing these challenges and promising a more accurate and adaptable solution for XR applications. 

Introducing the Wireless Asset Localization System

At the core of the wireless tracking system lies a revolutionary asset localization system. This system leverages wireless signals in the sub-6 GHz regime, marking a departure from traditional camera-based methods. Wireless signals, being less affected by visual blockages, continue to operate in non-line-of-sight conditions, positioning the technology as a robust solution for dynamic XR scenarios.

The compact, one-metre-sized module is a standout feature, offering easy deployment and integration into electronic devices like televisions or soundbars. This flexibility opens avenues for diverse XR applications across various domains, from entertainment to industrial applications.

Key Components of the System

To comprehend the technological marvel behind the wireless tracking system, a closer look at its key components is essential. The system relies on two main elements: UWB tags and a localization module. The UWB tags play a pivotal role by transmitting beacon signals for localization. In parallel, the localization module is equipped with six UWB receivers, strategically synchronised in time and phase to receive these beacon signals.

The synergy between UWB tags and the localization module is the linchpin of the system’s centimetre-level accuracy. The clever combination of time and phase differences enables the system to precisely measure the location of tagged objects in 2D space, offering a level of accuracy that sets it apart from existing localization methods.

How the Wireless Tracking System Works

The wireless tracking system operates by harnessing the power of wireless signals in the sub-6 GHz regime. Unlike camera-based methods that rely on line-of-sight and are susceptible to visual blockages, these wireless signals remain resilient even in non-line-of-sight conditions. This resilience is a key factor in the system’s ability to function seamlessly in dynamic scenarios. 

The process involves the use of UWB tags attached to objects. These tags transmit beacon signals that are received by the localization module equipped with six UWB receivers. Each receiver is precisely synchronised in time and phase, allowing for the accurate measurement of the tag’s location in 2D space.

In real-world scenarios, the system has showcased its prowess by smoothly tracking everyday objects retrofitted with UWB tags. For instance, during a life-size chess game, mugs transformed into virtual chess pieces seamlessly moved across a table, demonstrating the system’s centimetre-level accuracy in real-time tracking.

Testing and Performance Evaluation

Rigorous tests conducted by the UC San Diego team provided valuable insights into the system’s capabilities. The life-size chess game, featuring everyday objects retrofitted with UWB tags, was a testament to the system’s real-world performance. Achieving a 90th percentile accuracy in dynamic scenarios, the system outperformed state-of-the-art localization systems by at least eight times. 

These results underscore the potential of the wireless tracking system to revolutionise XR experiences. Whether in gaming scenarios or workplace applications, the centimetre-level accuracy achieved by the system opens new possibilities for immersive and precise XR interactions.

User Interface and Integration

Exploring the user interface aspects of the Wireless Tracking System is crucial to understanding its seamless integration into XR applications. The technology’s user experience and ease of integration are paramount for both developers and end-users. The system’s interface is designed to enhance interaction, providing an intuitive and natural way for users to engage with XR environments. 

The Wireless Tracking System’s user interface relies on the precision of hand tracking, allowing users to manipulate virtual objects with real-world accuracy. The integration process is streamlined, emphasising a smooth transition for developers incorporating the technology into their XR applications. This focus on user interface and integration ensures that the Wireless Tracking System becomes an accessible and user-friendly tool for a broad spectrum of XR experiences.

Industry-specific Applications

The potential applications of the Wireless Tracking System extend far beyond the realms of gaming and workplace safety. In this section, we delve into specific industries where this technology could catalyse significant improvements and innovations.


Imagine a surgeon practising delicate procedures in a virtual environment, with the Wireless Tracking System accurately replicating hand movements for precision training. The healthcare industry stands to benefit from the system’s ability to provide realistic simulations, enhance training methodologies, and improve surgical techniques. 


In educational settings, the Wireless Tracking System could revolutionise the way students interact with virtual learning environments. From hands-on chemistry experiments to virtual historical reenactments, the system’s centimetre-level accuracy brings a new level of realism to immersive educational experiences.


Architects and designers could leverage the Wireless Tracking System to manipulate virtual prototypes with unparalleled precision. The ability to interact with three-dimensional models in real-time, using natural hand gestures, opens new avenues for creativity and collaboration in the design process. 

Future Developments and Refinements

As the wireless tracking system continues to make waves, the engineering team at UC San Diego remains committed to refining and enhancing its capabilities. Ongoing efforts include optimising the PCB design for increased robustness, reducing the number of receivers to enhance energy efficiency, and adding antennas along the vertical axis to support full 3D localization. 

These refinements underscore the commitment to pushing the boundaries of XR technology. The potential applications extend beyond gaming and safety measures, promising significant advancements in industries such as healthcare, education, and design.


The Wireless Tracking System developed at the University of California San Diego stands as a testament to the relentless pursuit of precision in the XR landscape. Its innovative approach, utilising wireless signals for centimetre-level accuracy, addresses the shortcomings of existing localization methods. Real-world examples, such as the life-size chess game, showcase the system’s potential to revolutionise XR experiences. As the technology undergoes further refinements, the future of XR holds the promise of unparalleled realism and interactivity. The wireless tracking system’s contributions extend beyond entertainment, reaching into industries where precise asset localization can redefine workflows and enhance user experiences. In this era of digital transformation, innovations like the wireless tracking system are pivotal in shaping a more immersive and seamless future. To know more, explore our innovative digital solutions or contact us directly.


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