SAP Ecosystem: Guide to Key Solutions, Services & Platforms

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Embarking on the SAP journey can be daunting for newcomers, given the extensive array of solutions, services, and platforms that underpin digital transformation across businesses of various scales. The complexity of the SAP ecosystem may pose a challenge for those seeking a comprehensive understanding. Let’s simplify the intricate landscape of SAP by dissecting its diverse offerings into easily comprehensible components. Whether you’re new to SAP or looking to deepen your knowledge, this breakdown will provide clarity and insights, making the SAP ecosystem more accessible and manageable for all. SAP S/4HANA stands as the cornerstone of the SAP ecosystem, serving as a robust enterprise resource planning (ERP) system designed to enhance operational efficiency. This comprehensive solution seamlessly integrates diverse functions such as finance, sales, procurement, and manufacturing into a unified and streamlined platform. 

Diverse Enterprise Solutions

In addition to SAP S/4HANA, SAP offers an extensive array of enterprise solutions to address specific business needs. SAP Ariba facilitates procurement and supply chain management, SAP SuccessFactors provides a cloud-based human capital management (HCM) solution, SAP Concur manages travel and expense, and SAP Customer Experience modernizes customer relationship management (CRM). Furthermore, SAP Field Glass handles contingent workforce management, while various industry cloud solutions, developed by SAP and its partners on the SAP Business Technology Platform (BTP), cater to specialized industry requirements. 

At the heart of the SAP ecosystem is the SAP Business Technology Platform (BTP), a robust technical foundation. This unified platform empowers businesses to construct, integrate, and extend applications using a wide array of cloud services and technologies. SAP BTP encompasses an extensive set of services, supporting integration, analytics, database and data management, DevOps, Low-Code/No-Code development, AI, and ML capabilities. SAP BTP offers unique solutions tailored to specific business needs, such as SAP Analytics Cloud, providing robust analytics capabilities for informed decision-making. SAP Build is a portfolio of tools supporting Low-Code/No-Code development, while SAP HANA Cloud addresses database and data-related requirements. The SAP Integration Suite facilitates seamless connectivity and integration between various SAP and non-SAP applications and systems, enabling comprehensive business transformation.


SAP S/4HANA stands out as a robust enterprise resource planning (ERP) system designed to enhance operational efficiency for businesses. By seamlessly integrating various functions such as finance, sales, procurement, and manufacturing into a unified and streamlined system, SAP S/4HANA transforms the way companies manage their operations. To illustrate the impact of SAP S/4HANA, let’s consider a retail business specializing in clothing. Prior to adopting SAP S/4HANA, this hypothetical business likely utilized separate software systems to handle finances, sales, inventory, and other operational aspects. This disjointed approach resulted in siloed data and necessitated manual efforts to update and reconcile information across systems. 

Upon implementing SAP S/4HANA, the retail business gains the ability to unify these disparate processes within a single system. Real-time tracking of inventory levels, sales, and financial transactions becomes possible, all facilitated by the same software. For instance, when a customer makes a purchase through the online store, inventory levels are automatically updated across all channels, ensuring accurate and up-to-date stock information. This integration not only eliminates the need for manual data entry but also minimizes the likelihood of errors. What sets SAP S/4HANA apart is its utilization of cutting-edge technologies, including in-memory computing, artificial intelligence, and machine learning. These features empower businesses to extract valuable insights from their data, enabling informed decision-making. In the context of our retail example, SAP S/4HANA allows for the analysis of sales trends, identification of popular products, forecasting of demand, and optimization of the supply chain accordingly.

SAP SuccessFactors

SAP SuccessFactors is a cloud-based HR software covering core HR, payroll, and talent management pillars. It acts as a digital assistant, streamlining tasks like hiring, goal setting, performance reviews, and training. For example, in hiring a sales manager, it helps post openings, review applications, and make informed decisions. SuccessFactors also identifies high-performing employees, providing insights for talent development. Overall, it simplifies HR processes, fosters employee engagement, and enables strategic workforce decisions. 

SAP Ariba

SAP Ariba serves as a cloud based B2B marketplace streamlining the buying and selling of goods and services for businesses. Simplifying the procurement process, it connects buyers and suppliers on a unified platform. Consider the example of ABC Electronics, a company needing computer components. Traditionally, they would manually search for suppliers, negotiate prices, and handle paperwork. With SAP Ariba, ABC Electronics can access a marketplace with multiple suppliers. They can compare prices, assess reviews, and evaluate supplier performance. Upon selecting a supplier, they can directly communicate, negotiate terms, and place orders through the platform. SAP Ariba enhances efficiency in procurement, offering a centralized solution for streamlined transactions.

SAP Concur

SAP Concur is a travel and expense management software that automates processes for businesses. For instance, consider XYZ Corporation. With SAP Concur, employees can use a user-friendly app or web portal to book travel, capture receipt details through photos, and submit expenses. The software automates expense report processing, checks for policy compliance, and generates detailed reports for review and approval. This streamlines the entire travel and expense management process, providing visibility into spending patterns and ensuring compliance with company policies.

Comparing SAP's Powerhouse Solutions

SAP SuccessFactors
SAP Ariba
SAP Concur
SAP Fieldglass
On-premises or cloud-based
ERP system for core business processes
HCM solution for HR processes
Procurement and supply chain management solution
Travel and expense management solution
Vendor management system for contingent labour
Key Features
Real-time analytics, simplified data model, Fiori UI
Talent acquisition, performance management, analytics
Sourcing, procurement, supplier collaboration
Travel booking, expense management, policy compliance
Vendor management, statement of work, reporting
With other SAP applications and third-party systems
With SAP ERP and other HR systems
With SAP ERP, financial systems, and other procurement
With travel booking systems, financial systems, HR systems
With HR systems, procurement systems, external workforce
Target Audience
Organizations of all sizes in various industries
Organizations of all sizes in need of robust HR management
Organizations seeking procurement solutions
Organizations requiring travel and expense management
Organizations managing external workforce, contingent labor
Streamlined processes, real-time insights, efficiency
Improved HR management, talent acquisition, workforce planning
Streamlined procurement, supplier collaboration, cost savings
Simplified travel and expense management, policy compliance
Streamlined vendor management, workforce planning, visibility
Tracks and optimizes sustainability initiatives
Measures diversity, equity, inclusion, health, and safety
Enables ethical supply chains, addresses ESG metrics
Provides insights into carbon emissions, green suppliers
Facilitates socially responsible employment, diversity

SAP Customer Experience

SAP Customer Experience is a comprehensive solution crafted to modernize traditional customer relationship management (CRM) systems, extending beyond sales to encompass all front-office functions. Consolidating acquisitions of leading entities such as Hybris, Gigya, and CallidusCloud, SAP Customer Experience integrates solutions that cover consumer data protection, marketing, commerce, sales, and customer service. In essence, SAP Customer Experience offers a suite of software solutions designed to empower businesses in delivering exceptional customer experiences and nurturing robust customer relationships throughout the entire customer journey. 

The suite comprises five key components working cohesively to enhance the customer experience: 

  • SAP Commerce Cloud: Formerly known as SAP Hybris Commerce, this component enables businesses to create and manage personalized, omnichannel customer experiences. It facilitates the construction and management of online stores, product catalogs, pricing, promotions, and customer self-service portals. SAP Commerce Cloud ensures a seamless and consistent customer experience across various channels, including websites, mobile apps, social media, and physical stores. 
  • SAP Marketing Cloud: Formerly known as SAP Hybris Marketing, this component focuses on understanding and engaging customers through personalized marketing campaigns. It offers tools for customer segmentation, profiling, targeting, and marketing automation. SAP Marketing Cloud empowers businesses to deliver relevant and timely marketing messages, enhancing customer engagement and driving conversions. 
  • SAP Sales Cloud: Formerly known as SAP Hybris Sales Cloud, this component equips sales teams with tools for efficient sales process management. It includes features for lead and opportunity management, quote and order management, sales performance tracking, and mobile sales enablement. SAP Sales Cloud enhances collaboration among sales teams, tracks activities, and facilitates effective deal closures, thereby improving customer satisfaction and revenue growth. 
  • SAP Service Cloud: Formerly known as SAP Hybris Service Cloud, this component focuses on delivering exceptional customer service experiences. It provides capabilities for managing customer inquiries, service requests, and support tickets across various channels like phone, email, chat, and social media. SAP Service Cloud streamlines service processes, reduces response times, and delivers personalized support, enhancing customer satisfaction and loyalty. 
  • SAP Customer Data Cloud: Formerly known as Gigya, this component aids businesses in managing customer identities and consent preferences. It encompasses features for customer registration, profile management, social login, consent and preference management, and secure authentication. SAP Customer Data Cloud ensures accurate and up-to-date customer data while adhering to privacy regulations, facilitating personalized experiences and targeted marketing campaigns. 

SAP’s Industry Cloud

SAP’s Industry Cloud extends the capabilities of SAP S/4HANA, offering a wide range of functionalities through industry-specific applications built on SAP Business Technology Platform (BTP). These industry cloud solutions, developed by SAP and its partners, cater to specific industry needs. They can be seamlessly integrated with existing SAP solutions, enabling businesses to drive profitable and sustainable transformation, seize opportunities, and navigate industry-specific disruptions. With a diverse array of apps available across various industries, such as automotive, retail, and public sector, SAP’s Industry Cloud empowers companies to leverage innovative capabilities within the SAP portfolio for their specific industry requirements.

SAP Business Technology Platform (BTP)

SAP BTP serves as a comprehensive solution portfolio designed to address two key scenarios: 

Scenario 1: Building Cloud or Mobile Solutions

Organizations, whether new to the SAP ecosystem or existing customers, aiming to create cloud or mobile solutions. Requirements include integrating multiple systems, automating complex business processes, and incorporating new-age technologies like IoT, Predictive Analytics, and Machine Learning.

Scenario 2: Extending SAP Systems

Existing SAP customers wanting to build cloud solutions to extend their SAP systems (e.g., S/4HANA, SuccessFactors). Requirements include independence in managing downtime, scalability, lifecycle management, and choosing a data center as per specific needs. SAP BTP offers a unified platform comprising various products, services, and solutions. It simplifies the process for organizations to build new cloud solutions or extend existing SAP systems with minimal effort, low costs, and faster time-to-market. Key components of SAP BTP include: 

  • Services for seamless integration of SAP and non-SAP systems. 
  • Tools and frameworks to facilitate cloud solution development with minimal effort. 
  • Cloud-based databases, data lakes, and other services addressing diverse data-related requirements. 
  • Analytics solutions without coding. 
  • Out-of-the-box support for incorporating machine learning, AI, predictive analytics, and more. 

In essence, SAP BTP serves as a comprehensive bundle of diverse services, allowing organizations to innovate, develop applications, monitor, and address various operational needs within a unified platform.

SAP BTP Components Overview

SAP Integration Suite

  • A comprehensive set of tools, technologies, and services under SAP BTP for seamless integration and connectivity among applications, systems, and data sources. 
  • Offers data integration, application integration, process integration, and API management capabilities. 
  • Enables real-time data exchange, streamlining processes, and supporting digital transformation.

SAP Build

  • A unified low-code offering on SAP BTP for creating and enhancing enterprise applications, automating processes, and designing business sites with drag-and-drop simplicity. 
  • Empowers citizen developers with minimal technical expertise, reducing the burden on professional developers. 
  • Integrates SAP Build Apps, SAP Build Process Automation, and SAP Build Work Zone into a unified development environment.

SAP Analytics Cloud (SAC)

  • A cloud-based analytics platform for data analysis, visualization, and collaboration. 
  • Connects to various data sources, allowing users to create interactive dashboards and reports. 
  • Facilitates sharing insights with stakeholders, fostering informed decision-making.


  • A cloud-based, in-memory database and computing platform on SAP BTP. 
  • Provides real-time data processing and analytics capabilities for faster decision-making. 
  • Enables organizations to optimize processes by analysing large volumes of data in real time.

Additional SAP Solution

SAP Signavio

The evolution of generative AI models like DALL-E 3 opens doors to expanded applications across various industries. Beyond visual arts, these technologies could find utility in fields such as medicine, architecture, and scientific research. 


Navigating the expansive SAP ecosystem may seem challenging, but this comprehensive guide provides a roadmap for beginners and those looking to deepen their understanding. At its core, SAP S/4HANA stands as the foundational ERP system, seamlessly integrating core business functions. The ecosystem extends with specialized solutions such as SAP SuccessFactors for HR, SAP Ariba for procurement, SAP Concur for travel and expense management, and SAP Customer Experience for modernizing CRM. 

The SAP Business Technology Platform (BTP) serves as the technical backbone, offering a unified platform for building, integrating, and extending applications. Industry-specific solutions on the SAP Industry Cloud cater to diverse business needs, while SAP BTP Components like Integration Suite, SAP Build, Analytics Cloud, and HANA Cloud empower organizations with tools for seamless integration, low-code development, analytics, and database management. In essence, the SAP ecosystem empowers businesses to transform digitally, optimize processes, and enhance customer experiences across industries, making it an invaluable ally in the journey of comprehensive business management and digital transformation. 

We at VE3, as a trusted SAP partner, assist organizations in implementing and optimizing SAP solutions, leveraging the SAP Business Technology Platform for seamless integration and analytics. Specializing in industry-specific solutions through SAP’s Industry Cloud, we support cloud and mobile solution development, sustainability initiatives, and process optimization. The company provides comprehensive services, including training, support, and strategic consulting, delivering customized solutions tailored to specific business requirements. To know more, explore our innovative digital solutions or contact us directly.


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